Univers est une étude novatrice qui explore ce sujet qui passionne tant, l'astronomie. Les 300 images présentées ont été créées par des hommes ayant tenté de comprendre la beauté et le mystère des étoiles, des planètes et de l'univers, ou qui s'en sont inspirés. Une sélection effectuée avec soin par un comité international de spé cia- listes, organisée pour montrer les similitudes et les différences. L'ouvrage présente des tableaux, photographies, sculptures, animations, gravures, croquis, images numériques et oeuvres emblé- matiques de photographes, d'artistes et d'astro- nomes célèbres ainsi que des créations inédites.
Dans la lignée des best-sellers Cartes : Explorer le monde et Végétal : Explorer le monde botanique, cet ouvrage plaira autant aux lecteurs férus d'astronomie comme aux fervents amateurs d'espace, de planètes et de galaxies - Une sélection des 300 images provenant du monde entier, associées pour créer des juxtapositions stimulant la curiosité - Des images couvrant des milliers d'années, allant des peintures rupestres et des manuscrits médiévaux à l'art contemporain, la photographie, l'animation et les sites Internet interactifs - Inclut des oeuvres emblématiques réalisées par des artistes et des astronomes de renommée internationale, tels que Copernic, David Malin, Olafur Eliasson, Galilée, Yayoi Kusama, Isaac Newton, Pablo Picasso et Gerhard Richter
'A deft, frequently dramatic tour' Nature 'A wonderfully clear and readable book . . . Gives a splendid overview of our Sun's planetary system, including its history and exploration' Dame Jocelyn Bell Burnell * We have the impression that the solar system is perfectly regular like a clock, or a planetarium instrument. On a short timescale it is. But, seen in a longer perspective, the planets, and their satellites, have exciting lives, full of events - for example, did you know that Saturn's moon, Titan, boasts lakes which contain liquid methane surrounded by soaring hills and valleys, exactly as the earth did before life evolved on our fragile planet? Or that Mercury is the shyest planet? Or, that Mars' biggest volcano is 100 times the size of Earth's, or that its biggest canyon is 10 times the depth of the Grand Canyon, or that it wasn't always red, but blue? The culmination of a lifetime of astronomy and wonder, Paul Murdin's enchanting new book reveals everything you ever wanted to know about the planets, their satellites, and our place in the solar system.
This book relates the history of asteroid discoveries and christenings, from those of the early pioneering giants of Hersehel and Piazzi to modern-day amateurs. Moving from history and anecdotal information to science, the book's structure is provided by the names of the asteroids, including one named after the author.Free from a need to conform to scientific naming conventions, the names evidence hero-worship, sycophancy, avarice, vanity, whimsy, erudition and wit, revealing the human side of astronomers, especially where controversy has followed the christening. Murdin draws from extensive historical records to explore the debate over these names. Each age reveals its own biases and preferences in the naming process.
The word "landscape" can mean picture as well as natural scenery. Recent advances in space exploration imaging have allowed us to now have landscapes never before possible, and this book collects some of the greatest views and vistas of Mars, Venus's Titan, Io and more in their full glory, with background information to put into context the foreign landforms of our Solar System. Here, literally, are 'other-worldly' visions of strange new scenes, all captured by the latest technology by landing and roving vehicles or by very low-flying spacecraft. There is more than scientific interest in these views. They are also aesthetically beautiful and intriguing, and Dr. Murdin in a final chapter compares them to terrestrial landscapes in fine art. Planetary Vistas is a science book and a travel book across the planets and moons of the Solar System for armchair space explorers who want to be amazed and informed. This book shows what future space explorers will experience, because these are the landscapes that astronauts and space tourists will see.
[the text below needs editing and we must be careful not to say things about Dan Brown's book that could get Springer in legal trouble]
Dan Brown's novel, The Da Vinci Code, was first published in 2003; its sales have reached 40 million worldwide. The book mixes a small spice of fact into a large dollop of fiction to create an entertaining novel of intrigue, adventure, romance, danger and conspiracy, which have been imaginatively worked together to cook up the successful bestseller.
Most interest in the book's origins has centred on the sensational religious aspects. Dan Brown has written: `All of the art, architecture, secret rituals, secret societies, all of that is historical fact.' This gives an air of authenticity to the book. Brown has, however, made up the religious doctrines, or based them on questionable accounts by others.
The locations of the actions of The Da Vinci Code are not, however, made up. The present book is the scientific story behind the scene of several of the book's actions that take place on the axis of France that passes through Paris.
The Paris Meridian is the name of this location. It is the line running north-south through the astronomical observatory in Paris. One of the original intentions behind the founding of the Paris Observatory was to determine and measure this line. The French government financed the Paris Academy of Sciences to do so in the seventeenth to nineteenth centuries. It employed both astronomers - people who study and measure the stars - and geodesists - people who study and measure the Earth. This book is about what they did and why. It is a true story behind Dan Brown's fiction.
This is the first English language presentation of this historical material. It is attractively written and it features the story of the community of scientists who created the Paris Meridian. They knew each other well - some were members of the same families, in one case of four generations. Like scientists everywhere they collaborated and formed alliances; they also split into warring factions and squabbled. They travelled to foreign countries, somehow transcending the national and political disputes, as scientists do now, their eyes fixed on ideas of accuracy, truth and objective, enduring values - save where the reception given to their own work is concerned, when some became blind to high ideals and descended into petty politics.
To establish the Paris Meridian, the scientists endured hardship, survived danger and gloried in amazing adventures during a time of turmoil in Europe, the French Revolution and the Napoleonic War between France and Spain. Some were accused of witchcraft. Some of their associates lost their heads on the guillotine. Some died of disease. Some won honour and fame. One became the Head of State in France, albeit for no more than a few weeks. Some found dangerous love in foreign countries. One scientist killed in self defence when attacked by a jealous lover, another was himself killed by a jealous lover, a third brought back a woman to France and then jilted her, whereupon she joined a convent.
The scientists worked on practical problems of interest to the government and to the people. They also worked on one of the important intellectual problems of the time, a problem of great interest to their fellow scientists all over the world, nothing less than the theory of universal gravitation. They succeeded in their intellectual work, while touching politics and the affairs of state. Their endeavours have left their marks on the landscape, in art and in literature.
"Depuis la nuit des temps, les hommes regardent avec émerveillement et crainte le ciel étoilé. Dès l'âge de pierre, ils ont associé aux positions aléatoires des étoiles des figures dans lesquelles ils ont projeté leurs conceptions des dieux.
C'est sur ces bases superstitieuses que s'est développée la science de l'astronomie. Dans cette Histoire de l'Astronomie, le professeur Paul Murdin, astronome de renommée mondiale, nous emmène dans un voyage retraçant l'évolution de notre compréhension de l'Univers. Nous y découvrons que les astronomes ont toujours exploité les techniques les plus avancées de leur époque afin d'analyser les plus infimes messages de lumière ou d'autres rayonnements des lointains corps célestes. Il y a près d'un demi-siècle, l'humanité laissait ses premières empreintes dans la poussière lunaire ; aujourd'hui, nous continuons d'envoyer dans l'espace des satellites et des sondes dans le même but de percer les mystères de l'univers."
This book applies the latest scientific discoveries and theories to enquire whether life exists on other planets and, if so, what forms it might take. Could there be, elsewhere, life as advanced as here on Earth, or are we more likely to find much more primitive life forms, or even no life at all? Can science tell us whether there is something out there? Or are we the sole living organisms in a desolate and boundless cosmos? This is an impeccably thorough review of the evidence, making accessible an extraordinary array of scientific findings, including cutting-edge research by biologists, astronomers and palaeontologists.